What Steps Should Be Taken In A Fire Evacuation?
When a fire threatens people, chaos and all the confusion can reign at that time, especially that fires move up so quickly, and people are forced to do to survive. Wildfires are another thing, and they can pose a big threat to your area and often change directions. Fires are a dangerous disaster, and threats can be compounded by different chaos and panic if you are unprepared.
What steps should be taken in a fire evacuation? During a fire evacuation, you should first remain calm and vigilant with all the fires that come in your way. You should evacuate the building as much as possible and proceed to your designated emergency assembly area.
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To prevent fire emergencies in the most efficient way, have a detailed and rehearsed fire evacuation procedure. So, in this article, I will be sharing the right actions during fire evacuations among other important things to do during this emergency.
Steps To Be Taken For Fire Evacuation
When it comes to fire emergency and disaster, having a fire evacuation plan will be your saving grace. A high-quality plan like this will not only prepare the people for fires, but rather for any type of emergency. It can be a natural disaster or an active shooter. You will never know.
By providing the people with evacuation training, you will be able to get out of the house or building you are in, just in case an emergency occurs.
Imagine Various Scenarios
When planning an evacuation plan, start with simple questions to explore different primary threats that your location may face in case of a fire. Find out where might the fires may break out?
According to the National Fire Association, 3340 fires on average occurred in home and building areas per year. Most of the fires were caused by cooking equipment, intentional acts, and some electrical malfunctions.
Cooking is the leading caused of all nonresidential building fires for the past decades.
Take some time to brainstorm reasons a fire would start, either with your family or your people within your business. Make sure that you have enough fire prevention tools available in your area and near the kitchen.
If you are in a location where a wildfire may occur, try to establish a plan to secure you and your family’s safety. Since cooking fires are a top of the list when it comes to home and building properties, put some house rules in place when it comes to using these pieces of equipment.
Establish Roles And Responsibilities
When a fire emerges at home, and you have to evacuate the premises, the immediate action is to get out of the house and look for a safe place. If you are the head of the family, make sure to implement a house protocol to ensure your family’s safety.
Having a fire evacuation procedure will help your family survive this disaster and make sure no one gets hurt.
Afterward, check on with them once you are able to find a safe spot. These roles and responsibilities will give you and your family an edge to the inevitable catastrophe a fire can bring.
On the other hand, if you are in an office location, it is essential to establish different roles and responsibilities throughout your employees.
Creating a clear chain of command will be beneficial when it comes to these kinds of emergencies. There will be a chief warden where they will be responsible for the fire event, including planning and preparation.
An assistant fire warden is accountable for using the mass alert system to notify all employees. They are also the ones who will call the fire department and do all the reporting.
Some fire extinguishers will be the ones responsible for extinguishing the fire and floor monitors who will be the last person out and make sure that the area is clear.
Having roles is essential because it creates a chain of command so people can listen and follow directions. They have their responsibilities in making sure that the fire evacuation plan is executed correctly.
Plan And Map Routes
A good evacuation plan includes primary and secondary escape routes. It not only applies to buildings but also applies to residential homes. Make sure to have enough exit signs available in your property, so people know where to exit.
For large premises, make different maps and post them in areas where people can see them clearly.
After you have enough exit markers, make sure to have an assembly area where people can gather. It should be a place where the fire won’t be able to reach you. If you have a big family or in a business setting, make sure to perform headcounts and provide updates.
Having this place is beneficial for people as some of them will still be in shock, and there will be some medic going on around to make sure that no one is hurt.
Know Your Tools And Inspect Them
You might be overconfident that you think you are prepared for fire emergencies because you have the tools. One important reminder is always to inspect your fire extinguishers to make sure they are in good condition.
It is recommended to refill all reusable fire extinguishers every ten years and replace the disposable ones every twelve years. Also, remind your family or your employees about the location of these fire extinguishers.
Make sure to check if you have the updated fire alarms, emergency lighting, fire doors, escape ladders, and some megaphone while you are at it. In addition to these useful supplies, make sure all the people in your house and building area know how to use these tools in case an actual fire arises.
Rehearse Fire Evacuation
It might not be applicable at home, or you can still try, but having a rehearse of any emergencies are beneficial for survival. It is essential because having regular rehearsal of fire evacuation can minimize confusion, and this is usually done in school, office areas, building establishments, and sometimes at home.
A safe outcome is more likely to happen when people are calm and know what to do if there is an emergency.
Whether you are in school, office, or at home, everyone should do the same to overcome fire emergencies. Some fire evacuation leaders should meet quarterly to discuss and implement a fire drill in the company they work for at work.
What To Do During Fire Emergencies
During fire emergencies, expect to do a lot of things that can help to keep you safe during a fire emergency. It is only a matter of being prepared and knowing what to do to overcome this disaster. Here are the things you need to do to assure your survival:
- It is essential to know your home and building evacuation plan.
- Ensure a clear mind and evacuate calmly but quickly whenever there is a fire alarm or the carbon monoxide alarm.
- Make sure you have all the essential items with you during this kind of emergencies. It includes medications and some medical equipment that can be handly in the event of building evacuation.
- Know all the possible exit routes in your house or in the building you live in or work.
- Before opening a door, make sure to feel it first with your hand. If the door is too hot, do not open it.
- Smoke is another thing you have to overcome aside from the fire. If you encounter a snake, stay low to the floor and crawl to the nearest exit.
- Aside from the exit, you need to know the outside rally point of your building or residential house.
- If you encounter any smoke or fire emergency, initiate the nearest fire alarm pull station in your house or the building. Alert the people around you and from a safe place immediately call the fire department and then the Public Safety hotline.
- Ensure that all fire alarms and carbon monoxide alarms have enough batteries to keep on running. It is vital to test them now and then to make sure they are working fine without any fault. You do not want to have a false alarm every time.
- Know all the locations of fire extinguishers, fire alarm pull the trigger, and all the exits so you can easily evacuate when there’s an alarm. It is also essential to know how fire extinguishers work to stop the nearest fire in your area by yourself.
To conclude, as with many emergency protocols having a well-thought-out plan in place can save lives. You can also be one step ahead of the unexpected since you can think things through.
Having a proper evacuation plan place in your house or your business, you take a huge step in making sure that your family and employees are safe.
Fire emergencies can be daunting if you only have limited knowledge and preparation. But with enough plan laid out to your family and business assets, you will survive this crisis.
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